Thirsty Technology: Today’s Industry Scenario

India possesses abundant resources such as labour, machinery, and raw materials and by effectively harnessing these assets, we can further substantial growth.

Thirsty Technology: Today’s Industry Scenario

India possesses abundant resources such as labour, machinery, and raw materials and by effectively harnessing these assets, we can further substantial growth. A recent initiative undertaken by the Indian government aims to establish domestic electronic manufacturing capabilities, leading to a reduction in the overall production costs of various materials.

The scenario changed by boycotting Chinese products and leveraging the competitive advantage of a skilled workforce and lower cost of labour. Thus, the manufacturing sector is experiencing a rise in capital expenditure and increased merger and acquisition activity. This trend has led to a significant surge in manufacturing output, resulting in a higher contribution to exports. Consequently, Indian manufacturers have an opportunity to focus on research and development, aiming to achieve superior quality and foster a new level of growth in the Indian economy.

Government Initiatives

Government policies such as Make in India, Digital India, and Start-up India have provided a significant boost to the research and development sector as well as the system design and manufacturing sectors in India. These initiatives have facilitated a thriving start-up ecosystem in the country.

The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Industries (MSME) enables free online business registration, which has led to the emergence of numerous micro and small industries nationwide.

Additionally, the government is actively taking special initiatives to provide advanced technology training and skill development opportunities to enhance employment prospects for both urban and rural populations.

Government Initiatives

Increasing Investments

Due to the “Make in India” policy, several prominent manufacturing players are establishing manufacturing plants in India, thereby generating a significant impact on the Indian economy, and creating more employment opportunities.

These manufacturing enterprises have high hopes of attracting both individual Indian consumers and companies selling goods produced in India, because of which they are setting up manufacturing plants in the country. Alongside their manufacturing endeavours, some Indian manufacturers are also actively supporting new innovative ideas by providing funding for businesses that pursue such initiatives.

Indian manufacturers have recognised the importance of fostering innovation and are extending financial support to new business ventures that bring forth innovative ideas.

Iconic Example: Ratan N Tata the chairman of Tata Group is also a prolific investor and has made numerous investments in several start-ups. Tata has invested in over forty start-ups to date, most from his personal capacity and some via his investment company. 

Technology Growth

Technology has today encouraged creativity, with digital transformation being a critical element in gaining an advantage in this increasingly competitive industry. The Indian manufacturing sector is steadily moving toward more automated and process-driven manufacturing, which is projected to improve efficiency and enhance productivity.

1. Robotic Process Automation (RPA) plays a significant role in various industries, revolutionising processes, enhancing efficiency, and improving productivity. In the Manufacturing field, industrial robots are extensively used in manufacturing plants for tasks such as assembly, welding, painting, and material handling. They can work with precision and speed, leading to increased production rates and improved product quality. Other fields that are changing drastically due to RPA include Automotive, Electronics, Logistics and Warehousing, Medical, Energy and Utilities, Food and Beverage, etc.,
2. Artificial Intelligence (AI) plays a significant role in the manufacturing field, revolutionising the way products are designed, produced, and delivered. Here are some key areas where AI is making a substantial impact with the help of the Internet of Things (IoT), Predictive Maintenance, Quality Control, Process Optimisation, Supply Chain Management, Product Design and Prototyping, Autonomous Vehicles and Logistics, and Decision Support Systems. Overall, AI is driving automation, efficiency, and innovation in the manufacturing field, empowering companies to improve productivity, quality, and competitiveness while reducing costs and time-to-market.

Chain Development

In the manufacturing industry, companies often rely on products and components supplied by other companies to support their production processes. Each manufacturing company typically maintains a dedicated research and development team responsible for generating new knowledge and innovation within their respective fields.

In the business context, this R&D activity allows companies to highlight new outcomes and advancements, enabling them to elevate their position and create a demand for their products.

Manufacturing companies understand the importance of continuous innovation and invest in their own research and development teams to drive progress and stay competitive in the market. The collaboration between manufacturing companies and other suppliers fosters a mutually beneficial relationship, as the former relies on the latter for essential components while simultaneously striving to develop new knowledge and technologies.

chain development

A Good Example Is the Automobile Industry

The Indian automobile industry holds significant importance in the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), making a substantial contribution to its economic value.

The automotive industry in India encompasses a diverse array of companies and organisations involved in various aspects of motor vehicle design, development, manufacturing, marketing, sales, repairs, and modifications. Globally, the automotive industry ranks among the largest in terms of revenue, highlighting its immense economic impact and scale. This industry also stands out for its substantial investment in research and development per firm, making it one of the highest-spending sectors in innovation and technological advancements.

The growth and development of the automobile industry have a ripple effect on other manufacturing sectors such as metallurgical, chemical, rubber, electronics, electrical items, glass, fibre, plastic, leather materials, and software industries, creating a network of interfacing sensors.

Product Demands

India has gained recognition as the fastest-growing major economy worldwide and is anticipated to become one of the leading economic forces in the next 10-15 years.

To maintain a competitive edge in the manufacturing sector, India is proactively strengthening its R&D teams, aiming to distinguish their products from others available in the market. 

The pursuit of product differentiation has become paramount for manufacturers in India as they strive to stand out amidst competition, driving the need for continuous improvement and innovation.

This commitment creates a constant demand for advancements and elevates the quality of manufacturing, leading to the production of valuable and superior products. The healthy competition among manufacturers in India raises an environment of enhanced manufacturing quality and thrusts the development of innovative and desirable products.

Carbon Footprint

The carbon footprint of a manufacturing process refers to the total amount of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide and methane, generated during its operations.

In recent times, manufacturing companies have embraced a broader perspective beyond financial gains and have taken on social responsibility by implementing corporate social responsibility strategies.

Many companies in the manufacturing sector are actively adopting renewable energy sources and utilising power generated from waste, contributing to a more sustainable energy consumption pattern. The adoption of advanced manufacturing technology plays a vital role in reducing wastage during the production process, thus minimising the carbon footprint of the manufacturing industry.

Regular maintenance practices also significantly contribute to the reduction of carbon footprint in manufacturing operations, ensuring efficient and sustainable processes. Zero liquid discharge is a treatment process increasingly adopted by industries, as it eliminates the discharge of liquid effluent into surface waters, effectively preventing environmental pollution associated with treatment.

Manufacturing companies are implementing various environmentally friendly initiatives, including the digitalisation of records, sensor lights for efficient energy usage, waste management departments, natural light and air ventilation systems, and tree plantation.

carbon footprint

Market Opportunities

India possesses significant potential to actively participate in global markets, driven by factors such as expanding electricity infrastructure, long-term employment prospects, a young and educated population, and skill development pathways for millions of individuals. India’s capacity to engage in global markets is influenced by several factors. Firstly, the country’s abundant raw materials, industrial expertise, and enterprising spirit position it favourably to capitalise on value chains.

Furthermore, India can leverage four key market opportunities: contract manufacturing, localisation of imports, boosting exports, and stimulating domestic demand. Contract manufacturing presents a promising avenue for India to collaborate with global partners, utilising its manufacturing capabilities and expertise to produce goods on behalf of other companies. By localising imports, India can reduce dependence on foreign goods and foster domestic production, promoting self-sufficiency and strengthening the economy.

Increasing exports is another crucial opportunity for India, as it can leverage its competitive advantages to expand its presence in international markets, driving economic growth and job creation. Lastly, India’s growing internal demand presents an opportunity for businesses to cater to the needs of the domestic market, driving consumption and fostering economic development.


The research and development (R&D) process in industries is an ongoing and continuous thought-process aimed at inventing and developing user-friendly solutions that benefit both humans and the environment. In the present scenario, the R&D department plays a crucial role in industries, driving innovation and creating new opportunities for the younger generation. The growth of the R&D department is intertwined with our future requirements, as it aligns technological advancements and economic development to meet evolving needs. The R&D process fosters a culture of exploration, experimentation, and creativity, driving industries to constantly push boundaries and uncover innovative solutions. The growth and success of the R&D department contribute to technological progress, economic prosperity, and the overall well-being of society.

T Vikneshkumar


Author Bio

T Vikneshkumar, Manager (Electrical & Instrumentation) at L&T Construction (WET IC), holds a B.E. degree from Anna University with 16 years of experience, 12 within L&T Construction. Throughout his career, he has tackled diverse assignments encompassing electrical design, site coordination, customer relations, process improvements, and statutory approvals. Having successfully overseen the commissioning of over 18 projects, he emphasizes cost reductions, vendor management, equipment maintenance, and effective troubleshooting. A skilled problem analyzer and creative thinker, Vikneshkumar enjoys exploring new technology updates and indulging in music during his leisure time.

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